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Azure Pipelines meet Jest

· 4 min read
John Reilly
OSS Engineer - TypeScript, Azure, React, Node.js, .NET

This post explains how to integrate the tremendous test runner Jest with the continuous integration platform Azure Pipelines. Perhaps we're setting up a new project and we've created a new React app with Create React App. This ships with Jest support out of the box. How do we get that plugged into Pipelines such that:

  1. Tests run as part of our pipeline
  2. A failing test fails the build
  3. Test results reported in Azure Pipelines UI

Related: there is a post on Vitest and Azure Pipelines.

Tests run as part of our pipeline

First of all, lets get the tests running. Crack open your azure-pipelines.yml file and, in the appropriate place add the following:

- task: Npm@1
displayName: npm run test
command: 'custom'
workingDir: 'src/client-app'
customCommand: 'run test'

The above will, when run, trigger a npm run test in the src/client-app folder of my project (it's here where my React app lives). You'd imagine this would just work™️ - but life is not that simple. This is because Jest, by default, runs in watch mode. This is blocking and so not appropriate for CI.

In our src/client-app/package.json let's create a new script that runs the tests but not in watch mode:

"test:ci": "npm run test -- --watchAll=false",

and switch our azure-pipelines.yml to use it:

- task: Npm@1
displayName: npm run test
command: 'custom'
workingDir: 'src/client-app'
customCommand: 'run test:ci'

Boom! We're now running tests as part of our pipeline. And also, failing tests will fail the build, because of Jest's default behaviour of exiting with status code 1 on failed tests.

Tests results are reported in Azure Pipelines UI

Pipelines has a really nice UI for reporting test results. If you're using something like .NET then you'll find that test results just magically show up there. We'd like that for our Jest tests as well. And we can have it.

The way we achieve this is by:

  1. Producing test results in a format that can be subsequently processed
  2. Using those test results to publish to Azure Pipelines

The way that you configure Jest test output is through usage of reporters. However, Create React App doesn't support these. However that's not an issue, as the marvellous Dan Abramov demonstrates here.

We need to install the jest-junit package to our client-app:

npm install jest-junit --save-dev

And we'll tweak our test:ci script to use the jest-junit reporter as well:

"test:ci": "npm run test -- --watchAll=false --reporters=default --reporters=jest-junit",

We also need to add some configuration to our package.json in the form of a jest-junit element:

"jest-junit": {
"suiteNameTemplate": "{filepath}",
"outputDirectory": ".",
"outputName": "junit.xml"

The above configuration will use the name of the test file as the suite name in the results, which should speed up the tracking down of the failing test. The other values specify where the test results should be published to, in this case the root of our client-app with the filename junit.xml.

Now our CI is producing our test results, how do we get them into Pipelines? For that we need the Publish test results task and a new step in our azure-pipelines.yml after our npm run test step:

- task: Npm@1
displayName: npm run test
command: 'custom'
workingDir: 'src/client-app'
customCommand: 'run test:ci'

- task: PublishTestResults@2
displayName: 'supply npm test results to pipelines'
condition: succeededOrFailed() # because otherwise we won't know what tests failed
testResultsFiles: 'src/client-app/junit.xml'

This will read the test results from our src/client-app/junit.xml file and pump them into Pipelines. Do note that we're always running this step; so if the previous step failed (as it would in the case of a failing test) we still pump out the details of what that failure was. Like so:

screenshot of test results being published to Azure Pipelines regardless of passing or failing tests

And that's it! Azure Pipelines and Jest integrated.

screenshot of test results published to Azure Pipelines